bad; poor; poor (quality); inferior; evil; sinful; ugly
sudden; abrupt; urgent; pressing; steep; sharp; rapid
at (place, time); in; to (direction, state); toward; for (purpose); because of (reason); for
somehow; how; in what way; why; what kind of
why?; what for?; how?; by what means?
abruptly; suddenly; all of a sudden; without warning
to apologize; to apologise
indicates possessive; nominalizes verbs and adjectives; substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases; (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion; (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis; (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
both hands; both arms; ten
indicates direct object of action; indicates subject of causative expression; indicates an area traversed; indicates time (period) over which action takes place; indicates point of departure or separation of action; indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
to match (rhythm, speed, etc.); to join together; to unite; to face; to be opposite (someone); to compare; to check with
to bow; to bow one's head; to apologize; to apologise; to bow to; to yield to
if; when; and; with; used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.); promoted pawn; indicates a question
indicates sentence topic; indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated); adds emphasis
to incline one's head to the side (in doubt); to tilt one's head to the side (in confusion); to be puzzled
no; nay; well; er; you're welcome; not at all
that; it; then; that point (in time); (arch.) there; (arch.) you
indicates sentence subject (occasionally object); indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions); but; however; regardless of; whether (or not)
-ness; indicates assertion; come; come now
today; this day; these days; recently; nowadays
a little; a bit; just a minute; for a moment; somewhat; rather; (not) easily
tasks; things to do; errand; business (to take care of); affairs; engagement
to be able (in a position) to do; to be up to the task; to be ready; to be completed; to be made; to be built; to be good at
yes; that is correct; um; errr; huh?; grrr
in that way; thus; so; so?
that's the way it is; yes; is that so?; is it?
well then ...; in that situation; in which case
practice; training; drill; (an) exercise; workout
individual; private person; personal; private
you said; he said; if ... then; do you seriously think that; I already told you; you should know by now that; the said ...
thing; matter; incident; occurrence; circumstances; situation; work
at; in; at; when; by; with; and then
truth; reality; proper; right; genuine; authentic
to finish; to end; to merely result in something less severe than expected; to feel at ease; to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone; to be sorry
is that so? (generally rhetorical)
just (e.g. "just wait here"); come now; tolerably; passably; well...; I think...
to be; to exist; to have; to be located; to be equipped with; to happen
if; in case; as for; on the topic of; if that's the case; if so
there's no (other) way; cannot be helped; unavoidable; it's no use (doing); pointless; hopeless (person)
too; also; both A and B; A as well as B; even; as much as
now; the present time; just now; another; more
important; serious; valuable; precious; serious matter; major incident
time; hour; occasion; case; chance; opportunity
to understand; to comprehend; to become clear; to be known; I know!; I think so too!
the expectation is that ...; the reason is that ...; the fact is that ...; the explanation is that ...; it is that ...