all things being in flux through the endless circle of birth, death, and rebirth; the circle of transmigration
indicates possessive; nominalizes verbs and adjectives; substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases; (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion; (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis; (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
called; named; as many as; as much as; all ...; every single ...
animation; animated film; animated cartoon; anime
indicates sentence subject (occasionally object); indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions); but; however; regardless of; whether (or not)
to be; to exist; to have; to be located; to be equipped with; to happen
to live (of humans); to reside; to inhabit; to dwell; to abide
town; block; downtown; main street; street; road
to do; to carry out; to cause to become; to make (into); to serve as; to act as; to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
nectar; honey; honeydew; treacle; molasses; sorbitol (when visible as dark patches inside an apple)
indicates emotion or admiration; indicates emphasis; I; me; wah!; boo!
white; innocence; innocent person; blank space; white go stone; white dragon tile; skewered grilled pig intestine
the Snake (sixth sign of the Chinese zodiac); the Serpent; hour of the Snake (around 10am, 9-11am, or 10am-12 noon); south-southeast; fourth month of the lunar calendar
Tsu (city in Mie); harbour; harbor; ferry
river; stream; River; the ... river
promotion of regional development; encouragement of local development
indicates direct object of action; indicates subject of causative expression; indicates an area traversed; indicates time (period) over which action takes place; indicates point of departure or separation of action; indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
purpose; goal; aim; objective; intention
as (i.e. in the role of); for (i.e. from the viewpoint of); apart from... (used to change the topic); even (e.g. "not even a single person"); thinking that...; trying to...
at (place, time); in; to (direction, state); toward; for (purpose); because of (reason); for
handing down (information); legend; tradition; folklore; transmission
difficult to understand; unintelligible; abstruse
to pass through; to pass by; to pass (of time); to elapse; to have expired; to have ended; to exceed
story; tale; legend; plot; storyline
topic marker particle; indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated); adds emphasis
one part; one portion; one section; one copy (e.g. of a document)
to leave (behind); to leave (undone); to not finish; to save; to set aside; to leave (to someone, esp. after one's death)
after all; in the end; conclusion; end; end of a game of go, shogi, etc.
certain amount; some; certain person; Mr So-and-so; (arch.) I; (arch.) me
if; when; and; with; used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.); promoted pawn; indicates a question
high; tall; expensive; high-priced; high (level); above average (in degree, quality, etc.)
valuation; appraisal; evaluation; appreciation; recognition; acknowledgement
that; that thing; that person; then; that time; that place (over there); down there (i.e. one's genitals)
be; is; did; (have) done; please; do
failure; mistake; blunder
custom; practice; said; aforementioned; instance; example
name; given name; title; fame; renown; pretext
to mince; to cut fine; to carve; to engrave; to tick away (time); to beat out (e.g. rhythm); to etch (into one's mind)
to have been decided (so) that; to have been arranged (so) that; to be the result (of); to be the outcome; to be the reason (for)