thank you for your hard work; good work; see you; goodbye; goodnight
that; that thing; that person; then; that time; that place (over there); down there (i.e. one's genitals)
indicates sentence topic; indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated); adds emphasis
is not; am not; are not; isn't it?
hey; you; hey; hey; hold on; yo
be; is; did; (have) done; please; do
indicates direct object of action; indicates subject of causative expression; indicates an area traversed; indicates time (period) over which action takes place; indicates point of departure or separation of action; indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
to hunt (animals); to search (for a criminal); to go looking for (flowers, etc.); to gather (mushrooms)
a short while ago; a moment ago; just now; some time ago
-like; sort of; similar to; resembling
that's the way it is; yes; is that so?; is it?
right?; isn't it?; hey; say; you know; you see; will you?
you said; he said; if ... then; do you seriously think that; I already told you; you should know by now that; the said ...
to be aware of; to know; to notice; to feel; to understand; to comprehend; to remember
what; you-know-what; that thing; whatsit; whachamacallit; (not) at all; (not) in the slightest
indicates possessive; nominalizes verbs and adjectives; substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases; (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion; (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis; (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
study; diligence; discount; reduction
ghost; specter; spectre; apparition; phantom
or; either ... or; maybe; perhaps; some ... and others ...; sometimes ... and at other times ...
to be disordered; to be disarranged; to be discomposed; to be upset; to lapse into chaos (due to war, etc.)
image (on a screen); picture (e.g. on a TV); video; film; reflection; image (in one's mind)
to differ (from); to vary; to not be in the usual condition; to not match the correct (answer, etc.); to be different from promised; isn't it?
indicates emotion or admiration; indicates emphasis; I; me; wah!; boo!
I wonder; should I?; is it?; I wish that; I hope that
recently; lately; these days; nearest; closest
to be in the news; to be talked about; to become a popular topic of conversation; to become the talk of the town; to become topical
the expectation is that ...; the reason is that ...; the fact is that ...; the explanation is that ...; it is that ...
ah!; oh!; yes; indeed; aah; gah
that way; that direction; there; that (one); you; your family
direction; district; area; field (e.g. of study); sphere; quarter
only; merely; approximately; about; just (finished, etc.); as if to; (as though) about to
to leave; to exit; to leave (on a journey); to depart; to move forward; to come to; to get to
if; when; and; with; used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.); promoted pawn; indicates a question
distant (from someone); aloof; estranged; knowing little (of); ill-informed (about); ignorant (of)
or rather (say); or better (say); or perhaps I should say; or, how should I put it; I mean
surplus; margin; leeway; composure; placidity; complacency
to be; to exist; to have; to be located; to be equipped with; to happen
such; that sort of; that kind of; no way!; never!
to chase; to run after; to pursue
spare time; free time; time (e.g. time it takes to do something); time off; day off; quitting (one's job); firing someone
indicates sentence subject (occasionally object); indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions); but; however; regardless of; whether (or not)
no; nay; well; er; you're welcome; not at all