sound; noise; note; fame; Chinese-derived character reading
state (US, Australia, India, Germany, etc.); province (e.g. Canada); continent; (arch.) dear
chance of going out; opportunity (to succeed); musical accompaniment for an actor going on stage
form; tense; adjective; i-adjective (in Japanese)
(one's) exclusive use; private use; dedicated use; use for a particular purpose; exclusive use (of particular products); using only (e.g. a certain brand)
yes; that is correct; understood; I see; present; here; pardon?
please; kindly; by all means; certainly; here you are; to give
master (of a house, shop, etc.); husband; sir; boss; patron of a mistress, geisha, bar or nightclub hostess; sugar daddy
what do you want?; can I help you?
or rather (say); or better (say); or perhaps I should say; or, how should I put it,...; I mean
a little; a bit; just a minute; for a moment; somewhat; rather; (not) easily
only; just; merely; as much as; to the extent of; enough to
to wait; to await; to look forward to; to depend on; to need
you said; he said; if ... then; do you seriously think that; I already told you; you should know by now that; the said ...
to receive; to take; to get somebody to do something; to have in one's pocket (a fight, match); to contract (a disease); to catch
indicates possessive; nominalizes verbs and adjectives; substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases; (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion; (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis; (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
inspection (e.g. customs, factory); examination; scan (e.g. MRI, PET, etc.)
behind; rear; after; later; remainder; the rest; more (e.g. five more minutes)
artificial intelligence; AI
degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.); counter for occurrences; strength (of glasses); glasses prescription; alcohol content (percentage); alcohol by volume; extent
examination; exam; test; trial; experiment; test
at; in; at; when; by; with; and then
to end; to come to an end; to close; to finish
from (e.g. time, place, numerical quantity); since; from (originator); by; because; since; out of (constituent, part)
sorry; excuse me; thank you
teacher; instructor; sensei; title or form of address for a teacher, master, doctor, lawyer, etc.; intimate or teasing form of address; (arch.) one's elder
thank you for waiting; sorry to have kept you waiting
continuation; rest (of the story, work, etc.); flow (e.g. of a piece of writing); pacing (of a story); succession (of); sequence
indicates direct object of action; indicates subject of causative expression; indicates an area traversed; indicates time (period) over which action takes place; indicates point of departure or separation of action; indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
ah!; oh!; yes; indeed; aah; gah
to understand; to comprehend; to become clear; to be known; I know!; I think so too!
to do; to undertake; to send; to dispatch; to put; to move; to give (esp. to someone of equal or lower status)
hm; um; huh?; what?; nuh-uh; no
indicates sentence topic; indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated); adds emphasis
plan; meter; measuring device; (in) total; total (of)
chance; opportunity; machine; aircraft; counter for aircraft; counter for (remaining) lives
one; 1; best; first; foremost; beginning; start
round; circular; curved; smooth; harmonious; calm
establishment; founding; organization; organisation
hour; o'clock; (specified) time; when ...; during ...